Manuscript Submission Guidelines

The manuscript must adhere to the following instructions before it is considered eligible for review:

Manuscript Preparation

The manuscripts must be submitted in MS Word format and in English (British English). It should be typed on 10-point font Bookman Old Style, 1.5 spacing, with a margin of 2.5 cm on all sides, unless otherwise stated.

There are 2 main parts of the manuscript that should be submitted separately in the online submission system:

Title page [Example of Title Page]

Main document [Example of Main Document]

Title page

A title page should be submitted separately from the main document. The title page should state the title of the manuscript, full first name and surname of each author, author’s department and institution, city and country. Kindly also enclose the complete postal address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address of the author who will be responsible for all correspondences regarding the manuscript.

Main document

The main document should have page number and include line numbering. Please follow the [Example of Main Document] for a sample format.

Below are the descriptions of components of the main document.

Abstract and keywords

An abstract not exceeding 250 words in length should be provided. Make sure the title of the manuscript is included in the Abstract page. Do not include names and other details of author(s) on the Abstract page. The abstract is structured according to the following headings: Introduction (rationale and purpose of the study), Methods (study design, analytical methods), Results (main findings), and Conclusion (key aspects derived from the study). Below the abstract, please provide 3 – 5 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes. Refer to the appropriate subject headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus found in


The main text of the manuscript should be organised according to the following sections: INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS, DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION, Acknowledgements, Conflict of interest and References. The total number of words of the text should not exceed 4500 words excluding the Abstract, References, Tables and Figures.

In the Methods section, authors should state the authority which provided ethical approval for the study, along with a statement in regard to the informed consent of participants. The study or clinical trial registration number should be provided, if applicable.

Human and animal research

Reports of human studies must include a statement that the protocol was approved by the appropriate institutional ethics committee or that it complied with the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 2013.

Conflict of Interest and Funding Disclosure

Authors should declare any financial support or relationships that may pose a conflict of interest. The source of financial support should be acknowledged.

Citations and References

It is the author’s responsibility to check all references very carefully for accuracy and completeness. In the text, references are cited by surname(s) of the author(s) and year of publication parenthetically at the appropriate place. Three authors appear in full on first citation, e.g, Bray, Whipp & Koyal (1994), but subsequently as Bray et al. (1994). For four or more authors, indicate the first author followed by Total number of references should not exceed 30 except for Review Papers.

In the reference section, list the references in alphabetical order. For each reference, all authors’ names should be included. Examples of correct forms of references are given below:

1. Articles in Journal:

Mostafa Kamal SM & Md Aynul Islam (2010). Socio-economic correlates malnutrition among married women in Bangladesh. Mal J Nutr 16(3): 349-359.

Blasbalg TL, Hibbeln JR, Ramsden CE, Majchrzak SF & Rawlings RR (2011). Changes in consumption of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the United States during the 20th century. Am J Clin Nutr 93:950-962.

2. Books and Monographs:

de Benoist B, McLean E, Egli I & Cogswell ME (eds) (2008). Worldwide Prevalence of Anaemia 1993-2005: WHO Global Database on Anaemia. WHO Press, Geneva.

Institute of Medicine (2010). Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL & Del Valle HB (eds). National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.

3. Chapter in a Book or Monograph:

Haller J (2005). Vitamins and brain function. In HR Lieberman, RB Kanarek & C Prasad (eds). Nutritional Neuroscience (pp. 207-233). CRC Press, Florida.

Cole TJ (2006). Sampling, Study Size, and Power. In BM Margetts & M Nelson (eds). Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology (pp. 64-86). Oxford University Press Inc., New York.

4. Online Sources:

World Health Organization (2015). In: Global Health Observatory: Malaysia Statistics Summary, 2002-present. From [Retrieved March 1 2016].

The World Bank (2016). In: Safe Motherhood and Maternal Health. From [Retrieved May 23 2016].

Tables and Figures

Combined total number of tables and figures should not exceed 5 tables with the exception of Review Papers.

Tables should be sufficiently labelled so as to be comprehensible and complement information in the text. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals in the sequence they are mentioned in the text. Place the tables and figures within the main text and not after the References.

Cover letter

Submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter that includes a statement that the manuscript represents original work of the authors, and that the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. The cover letter should be entered in the appropriate box or uploaded as part of the online submission process.


Manuscripts accepted for publication become copyright of IJPHCS. Corresponding authors are requested to provide a transfer of Copyright Agreement Form, which must be signed by the corresponding author, on behalf of the co-authors, provided that prior written consent has been obtained from all co-authors. Submissions will not be processed until a signed Copyright Agreement Form has been received.